The Forte de Nª Senhora da Guia was built one year and a half after the Revolution of December 1st, 1640, on King João IV's demand, within the scope of a military strategy to raise a fortified line of defense from the Cabo da Roca to the Torre de Belém. It is worth noting that, 62 years before, on July 28th, 1580, the Spanish troops commanded by Duque de Alba had landed on the Laje do Ramil, which is situated in front of the Forte da Guia. After taking the Towers of Cascais and São Julião da Barra, the Spanish troops conquered Lisboa. The Portuguese House of Habsburg or the Philippine Dynasty had began (three Spanish kings named Philip ruled from 1580 to 1640).


On January 30th, 1928, the Ministry of War loaned the Forte da Guia to the Ministry of Public Instruction to create the Estação Zoologica Maritima Experimental do Museu Bocage da Faculdade Ciências de Lisboa. The Forte conversion into a research lab begun that year under the supervision of Prof. Arthur Ricardo Jorge, the Director of Museu Bocage at that time.

In 1975, with the beginning of Biological Oceanography and Ictiology classes in the undergratuade Biology program of the Faculty of Sciences of the University of Lisbon (FCUL), Prof. Luiz Saldanha became the Coordinator of the R&D Unit Laboratório Marítimo da Guia.

The Laboratório Marítimo da Guia-IMAR (LMG/IMAR) was created in July 1998 as one of the R&D Units of the Institute of Marine Research (IMAR), a private association without profit objectives. Currently, LMG is a research sub-unit of the Centro de Oceanografia (LMG-CO) of FCUL.


After a long illness Luiz Saldanha died on November 16th, 1997. He was a professor in the Department of Zoology and Anthropology at the Faculty of Science in the University of Lisbon and was also responsible for the Guia Marine Laboratory. LUIZ SALDANHA's death was not only a shock for his closest collaborators, colleagues and students but also an immense loss for the scientific community and for Portugal. To describe the achievements of LUIZ SALDANHA in a few lines is not an easy task. As well as establishing university courses to teach Biological and Fisheries Oceanography he also initiated other Marine Biology courses elsewhere in Portugal. He was also responsible for the scientific training of many marine biologists who would later join the teaching and research staff of many Portuguese universities and research institutions.


As scientific coordinator of the Guia Marine Laboratory his innovative pioneering work in the area of marine biology was outstanding. He published numerous works that were fundamental to the development of this scientific field in Portugal; sadly, he passed away before he could complete several overviews summarising his contributions to marine science. He led many national and international research projects. He was Chairman of the National Institute of Fisheries Research and later, Chairman of the Institute of Marine Research (IMAR) where he contributed decisively to the development and co-ordination of marine science and technology in Portugal. It was, in, 1995, LUIZ SALDANHA's suggestion to convene a symposium to commemorate the First Centenary of Portuguese Oceanography, he was largely responsible for the outstanding success of this event and the edited proceedings were published in Arquivos of the Bocage Museum. In 1999 he was posthumously decorated with the Insignia of "Grande-Oficial da Ordem de Santiago da Espada" by the President of the Republic.

Luiz Saldanha - Passion for the Sea; List of publications.


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